turned_in_not What is HTML?

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML describes the structure of Web pages using markup
  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page
  • HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages
  • HTML elements are represented by tags

A simple HTML document


<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Title of the page </title>

<h1>Your First Heading</h1>
<p>Your first paragraph.</p>



Example Explained

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines this document to be HTML5
  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
  • The <head> element contains meta information about the document
  • The <title> element specifies a title for the document
  • The <body> element contains the visible page content
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph


HTML tags are element names surrounded by angle brackets:

<tag>content here...</tag>


  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <p> and </p>

The start tag is also called the opening tag, and the end tag the closing tag.

The starting tag is called opening tag, and the tag at the end is called closing tag.

HTML Page Structure

Below is a visualization of an HTML page structure:

Only the content inside the <body> section (the white area above) is displayed in a browser.

The <!DOCTYPE> Declaration

The <!DOCTYPE> declaration represents the document type, and helps browsers to display web pages correctly.

It must only appear once, at the top of the page (before any HTML tags).

The <!DOCTYPE> declaration is not case sensitive.

The <!DOCTYPE> declaration for HTML5 is:

<!DOCTYPE html>


HTML Versions

Since the early days of the web, there have been many versions of HTML:

Version Year
HTML 1991
HTML 2.0 1995
HTML 3.2 1997
HTML 4.01 1999
XHTML 2000
HTML5 2014